Miscarriage - Early
DiagnosisYou should contact your doctor if you suspect that you are having a miscarriage. Your doctor may use an ultrasound to see if the fetus is still alive. Blood tests to measure human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) may be used. Developing embryos produces hCG. HCG levels increase in a predictable manner in healthy pregnancies. These tests may be repeated over days or weeks. Some women, for unknown reasons, bleed during pregnancy and continue on to deliver healthy babies.
Am I at Risk
In the majority of cases, a miscarriage occurs because of conditions that are beyond anyone’s control, such as genetic or chromosome causes. However, a few factors may increase the risk of miscarriage including:
_____ The risk of miscarriage is higher for women over the age of 35. The incidence of chromosomal abnormalities is higher as a woman’s eggs increase in age.
_____ Exposure to rubella, radiation, certain chemicals, certain medications, some sexually transmitted diseases, certain infections, smoking, and substance abuse may increase the risk of miscarriage.
_____ Women with a malformed uterus have an increased risk of miscarriage.
_____ Poor nutrition or vitamin deficiency may increase the risk of miscarriage.
_____ Women that have had three or more miscarriages have a higher risk of a future miscarriage.
_____ Hormone insufficiency in the mother increases the risk of miscarriage.
_____ Women with some medical conditions, such as diabetes or thyroid disease may have an increased risk for miscarriage.
_____ Some women have an immune response that causes her body to reject an embryo; however, once identified, such women can receive medications to prevent miscarriage.
_____ In rare cases, genetic conditions in the couple, either the female, male, or both, may cause miscarriage, such as a history of blood clots.
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The iHealthSpot patient education library was written collaboratively by the iHealthSpot editorial team which includes Senior Medical Authors Dr. Mary Car-Blanchard, OTD/OTR/L and Valerie K. Clark, and the following editorial advisors: Steve Meadows, MD, Ernie F. Soto, DDS, Ronald J. Glatzer, MD, Jonathan Rosenberg, MD, Christopher M. Nolte, MD, David Applebaum, MD, Jonathan M. Tarrash, MD, and Paula Soto, RN/BSN. This content complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information. The library commenced development on September 1, 2005 with the latest update/addition on February 16, 2022. For information on iHealthSpot’s other services including medical website design, visit www.iHealthSpot.com.